Stay in the know on cannabis legislative efforts at the federal level. Pictured: A view of the U.S. Capitol on January 19, 2017, in Washington, D.C. (Brendan Smialowski, AFP/Getty Images)

Guide to federal marijuana bills, Congressional Cannabis Caucus

There may be uncertainty in regards to cannabis on the federal stage, but some U.S. lawmakers are trying to keep the legislative gears churning.

A bipartisan quartet of congressmen in February launched the Congressional Cannabis Caucus, a group formed to develop a united front to further congressional action on cannabis.

On March 30, Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Oregon, and Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon, announced the “Path to Marijuana Reform” package of legislation aimed at protecting and preserving existing state-based cannabis programs, and creating a framework for the federal regulation of marijuana.

Here’s a rundown of the cannabis bills before the 115th U.S. Congress, including medical measures and a proposal to end federal marijuana prohibition, plus a listing of the Cannabis Caucus members as announced or as they become publicly available.

We’ll keep these lists updated as legislation is introduced and other federal lawmakers join the Cannabis Caucus.

UPDATED APRIL 7: Added newly introduced bills, “Better Drive Act” (H.R. 1952) and the to-be-titled bill (H.R. 2020) to reschedule marijuana as a Schedule III substance.


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Federal marijuana bills

Rescheduling legislation (official title TBA)

H.R. 2020
Summary: To limit the application of Federal laws to the distribution and consumption of marihuana, and for other purposes
Sponsored by Rep. Matt Gaetz, R-Florida; Rep. Darren Soto, D-Florida; introduced April 6, 2017
Summary: To provide for the rescheduling of marijuana into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act.
Track the progress of House Bill 2020
Catch up on previous coverage

Better Drive Act

H.R. 1952
Sponsored by Rep. Beto O’Rourke, D-Texas; Rep. Justin Amash, R-Michigan; Rep. Hakeem Jeffries, D-New York; Rep. James, Sensenbrenner, R-Wisconsin; Rep. Jerrold Nadler, D-New York; Rep. Mia Love, R-Utah; introduced April 5, 2017

(New legislation)
Summary: To amend title 23, United States Code, with respect to the revocation or suspension of drivers’ licenses of individuals convicted of drug offenses, and for other purposes.
Track the progress of House Bill 1952
Catch up on previous coverage

Small Business Tax Equity Act (bicameral)

S. 777, sponsored by Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
H.R. 1810, sponsored by Rep. Carlos Curbelo, R-Florida; introduced March 30, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 1855)
Summary: To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow deductions and credits relating to expenditures in connection with marijuana sales conducted in compliance with State law. (Full bill text not yet available.)
Track the progress of Senate Bill 777 and House Bill 1810
Catch up on previous coverage

Marijuana Revenue and Regulation Act (bicameral)

S. 776, sponsored by Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
H.R. 1823, sponsored by Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 1014)
Summary: To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide for the taxation and regulation of marijuana products, and for other purposes. (Full bill text not yet available.)
Track the progress of Senate Bill 776 and House Bill 1823
Catch up on previous coverage

Responsibly Addressing the Marijuana Policy Gap Act (bicameral)

S. 780, sponsored by Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
H.R. 1824, sponsored by Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
(New legislation)
Summary: To amend the Controlled Substances Act to reduce the gap between Federal and State marijuana policy, and for other purposes. (Full bill text not yet available.)
Track the progress of Senate Bill 780 and House Bill 1824
Catch up on previous coverage

The Veterans Equal Access Act

H.R. 1820, sponsored by Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon; introduced March 30, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 667)
Summary: To authorize Department of Veterans Affairs health care providers to provide recommendations and opinions to veterans regarding participation in State marijuana programs.
Track the progress of House Bill 1820
Catch up on previous coverage

Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act

H.R. 1841, sponsored by Rep. Jared Polis, D-Colorado; introduced March 30, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 1013)
Summary: To provide for the regulation of marijuana products, and for other purposes. (Full bill text not yet available,)
Track the progress of House Bill 1841
Catch up on previous coverage

Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2017

H.R. 1227, sponsored by Rep. Thomas A. Garrett Jr., R-Virginia; introduced Feb. 27, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – S. 2237)
Summary: To limit the application of federal laws to the distribution and consumption of marihuana, and for other purposes. Calls for the deregulation of marijuana. Prohibits inter-state shipping of marijuana.
Track the progress of House Bill 1227
Catch up on previous coverage Virginia Republican rep introduces bill to end federal marijuana prohibition

Respect State Marijuana Laws Act of 2017

H.R. 975, sponsored by Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-California; introduced Feb. 7, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation 2015 – H.R. 1940)
Summary: To amend the Controlled Substances Act to provide for a new rule regarding the application of the act to marihuana, and for other purposes
Track the progress of House Bill 975

LUMMA (Legitimate Use of Medicinal Marihuana Act)

H.R. 714, sponsored by Rep. H. Morgan Griffith, R-Virginia; introduced Jan. 27, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 2373)
Summary: To provide for the legitimate use of medicinal marihuana in accordance with the laws of the various states.
Track the progress of House Bill 714

Compassionate Access Act

H.R. 715, sponsored by Rep. H. Morgan Griffith, R-Virginia; introduced Jan. 27, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 1774)
Summary: To provide for the rescheduling of marihuana, the medical use of marihuana in accordance with state law, and the exclusion of cannabidiol from the definition of marihuana, and for other purposes.
Track the progress of House Bill 715

States’ Medical Marijuana Property Rights Act

H.R. 331, sponsored by Rep. Barbara Lee, D-California; introduced Jan. 5, 2017
(Reintroduced legislation from 2015 – H.R. 262)
Summary: To amend the Controlled Substances Act so as to exempt real property from civil forfeiture due to medical marijuana-related conduct that is authorized by state law.
Track the progress of House Bill 331



Congressional Cannabis Caucus

Members of the bipartisan caucus say they plan to introduce a slew of legislation and resurrect bills from sessions’ past:

Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon (founding member)
Rep. Ed Perlmutter, D-Colorado
Rep. Jared Polis, D-Colorado (founding member)
Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-California (founding member)
Rep. Don Young, R-Alaska (founding member)