Four Sweet Leaf Marijuana Center budtenders facing felony charges for alleged illegal distribution of marijuana are immune from Colorado criminal prosecution under Amendment 64, their attorney argued in a court motion to dismiss the cases.
Thirteen employees of Denver-based Sweet Leaf were arrested last month in raids that resulted from a yearlong Denver Police Department investigation into alleged illegal marijuana sales at the dispensary chain. The Denver District Attorney’s Office, in charges filed against 10 employees, alleges that each of the accused sold “unlawful amounts of marijuana” to individual customers multiple times in a single day as part of a practice commonly known as “looping.”
Sweet Leaf employees Leeanne Henley, Krystal Mauro, Deann Miller and Stuart Walker — who were each charged with felony distribution of marijuana, more than four ounces — acted within the bounds of state law, their attorney Robert J. Corry Jr. wrote in a court motion filed Thursday to dismiss the charges. Amendment 64, the 2012 voter-approved ballot measure legalizing adult-use marijuana sales, establishes threshold immunity from criminal prosecution, he claimed.
The Colorado Constitution allows for adults to possess 1 ounce or fewer of marijuana in additions to actions such as transferring of 1 ounce or under to another adult as well as “assisting” another adult, Corry wrote. Those and other personal rights included in legalization Amendment 64 “specifically immunizes” actions taken by marijuana establishments, he added.
“Accordingly, it is not Colorado law that a given adult, in all circumstances, can never legally possess more than 1 ounce,” he wrote. “There are hundreds of reasons why an adult would be legally permitted to possess more than 1 ounce at a given time. But at any rate, nothing in the law imposes any duty — other than checking birthdate on identification — on an employee of a licensed marijuana seller to ‘babysit’ adult customers nor to essentially perform law enforcement functions of ensuring the customers comply with all laws.”
The calls for immunity are supported by state statutes, Corry claimed.
“Sales transaction” was not defined in the state regulations in effect prior to Jan. 1, 2018, he noted. Prior to that date, the regulations stated, “A retail marijuana store and its employees are prohibited from selling more than 1 ounce of retail marijuana flower or its equivalent in retail marijuana concentrate or retail marijuana product during a sales transaction to a customer.”
When the new regulations took effect Jan. 1, 2018 — which included an expanded definition of “single transaction,” imposing daily limits — they did not apply to the Sweet Leaf case, Corry said.
Furthermore, the four defendants were harmed by the Denver District Attorney’s Office when it released information to the press, including “unflattering mug shots” and dates of birth, he said.
They spent three days and three nights in jail, Corry said in an interview with The Cannabist. The “No. 1 priority,” is to have the charges dismissed so that these people could “salvage” their lives and future, he said.
“This is exactly the kind of thing we had an entire election about in 2012 and debated vigorously on both sides,” he said.
Corry argued that the law and Colorado’s Marijuana Enforcement Division regulations and positions are clear: This type of matter should be handled via an administrative process, not through the criminal process.
“The DA really ought to have done quite a bit more initial homework before filing these serious felony charges against people (acting) within their official licensed capacity,” he said.
Officials for the Denver District Attorney’s Office declined to comment on the case, which remains ongoing.