While Oregon’s first recreational marijuana sales are expected in early-2016, the retail program’s pot-infused edibles might not hit shop shelves until early-2017 if the Oregon Liquor Control Commission has its way.
In an April 1 letter to the lawmakers on the Joint Committee on Implementing Measure 91, the liquor commission made a case for delaying the sale for the edibles “due to concerns regarding the complexity of developing rules and procedures that would allow processors to safely produce edible products under the timelines described in Measure 91.”
Colorado edibles in 2015
Special report on edibles safety: Much of Colorado’s regulatory debate around edibles has focused on preventing accidental ingestion. But the manner in which edibles affect a person raises the question whether more should be done to educate buyers before they leave the shop.
The letter shows how closely Oregon’s regulatory agencies are monitoring their predecessors in Colorado and Washington. The liquor commission’s letter identifies “policy issues” it thinks need to be addressed before edibles rules are adopted and manufacturers’ licenses are approved. Among those issues: How many milligrams of THC makes one serving size; how many servings should be allowed per product; how the packages should be labeled; how the edibles should be tested; what types of edible products should be allowed.
In the case of a single serving’s per-milligram content, Oregon’s liquor commission notes that Colorado and Washington define a serving of edible cannabis as 10 milligrams of activated THC — but “there is little conclusive scientific evidence to support this number.”
The lawmakers on the Joint Committee on Implementing Measure 91 have not yet responded to the liquor commission’s letter. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission’s full letter can be read here, but here’s the section regarding edible marijuana products:
OLCC has requested the opportunity to delay licensing for edible products due to concerns regarding the complexity of developing rules and procedures that would allow processors to safely produce edible products under the timelines described in Measure 91.
The OLCC has identified a number of policy issues that it feels should be addressed prior the adoption of rules and the approval of licenses which manufacture edible marijuana products:
• How much THC should be in any one edible marijuana serving? Both Colorado and Washington have settled on a rate of 10 milligrams per serving. There is little conclusive scientific evidence to support this number. The OLCC has asked the Oregon Health Authority to convene a panel of experts to try and answer this question. We have asked for an answer as soon as possible.
• How many servings should there be in one product? Some edible products available in OMMP dispensaries contain 500 milligrams of THC or more. This translates into 50 servings in a single product. OLCC has asked the OHA for advice on this issue. Both Colorado and Washington have set a maximum of 10 servings per product or a sum total of 100 milligrams of THC.
• How should these products be labeled with respect to marijuana? Colorado just completed its third change to its labeling rules for edible products. Washington is undergoing another iteration of its rules regarding labeling. Each time a change has been made the edible manufacturers have had to make new packaging and labels to meet the new rules.
• What labeling should be in place for the underlying food product? OLCC staff is currently working with the DOA and OHA to address this issue.
• What types of testing should be done on an edible product. OLCC intends to require potency testing and is working with food experts to understand what other tests should be in place before a product can be considered safe.
• What type of safety warnings should be included? Colorado requires its products to indicate how many doses are in a package, how long it will take before the product will affect the consumer and warning labels aimed at children. OLCC has asked OHA for help in developing these standards.
• What type of product should be allowed? The general public has expressed concern regarding products that appeal to children or mimic existing nonmarijuana products. Building rules that clearly protect children will be complicated. The rules drafted by both Colorado and Washington are possible models but OLCC wishes to work with experts in children behavior to assure that products sold in OLCC licensed retail establishes cannot be confused with nonmarijuana products.
• What type of advertising should be allowed on the packaging? Package looks, labels and branding need to be defined by rule to assure that it is both accurate and does not appeal to children.
The dash one amendments to Senate Bill 844 propose to give OLCC an additional year to adopt rules related to edibles. This provision helps to align expectations with the complexity of the issue and grants the agency the necessary time to get our rules right.
The OLCC intends to move as quickly as possible to adopt rules and make edible products available in the recreational market.
1. Provide for a one year period to promulgate edible rules, January 2017 (following anticipated retail location licensing in the last quarter of 2016).
2. Do not change law and expect that OLCC will manage this responsibility with the understanding that OLCC should take the time to get it right (phase-in).